These Are The Latin American Cities With The Best Quality of Life

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© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/jikatu/20111772669'>Jimmy Baikovicius [Flickr]</a>, licensed under  <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/">CC BY-SA 2.0</a>. ImageMontevideo, Uruguay © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/jikatu/20111772669'>Jimmy Baikovicius [Flickr]</a>, licensed under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/">CC BY-SA 2.0</a>. ImageMontevideo, Uruguay Mercer, the multinational consultancy recently announced that Vienna, Austria has been ranked as the city with the best quality of life in the world, for the ninth year in a row. In a ranking that is dominated by European cities in the highest positions, this year Vancouver (5th), Singapore (25th) and Port Louis (83rd) are the highest-ranking cities in North America, Asia, and Africa, respectively.  So, what is happening in Latin America? Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay, once again occupies the top position. "Although they are challenged by economic and political turmoil," experts at the consultancy explain, "cities in emerging markets are catching up with major cities, after decades of investment in infrastructure, recreational facilities, and housing for the purpose of attracting talent and multinational businesses," they add.   In
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/beck32/7175474491'>Roberto C. [Flickr]</a>, licensed under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.0/">CC BY-ND 2.0</a>. ImageMontevideo, Uruguay
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/deensel/39921091035'>Deensel [Flickr]</a>, licensed under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">CC BY 2.0</a>. ImageBuenos Aires, Argentina
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/armandolobos/23193056943'>a l o b o s [Flickr]</a>, licensed under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageSantiago, Chile
© <a href=https://www.flickr.com/photos/bz3rk/5731101473'>James Willamor [Flickr]</a>, licensed under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/">CC BY-SA 2.0</a>. ImageSan Juan, Puerto Rico
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/adamreeder/6764088851/'>- Adam Reeder - [Flickr]</a>, licensed under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/">CC BY-NC 2.0</a>. ImageCiudad de Panamá, Panamá
Brasilia, Brazil. Image © Joana França
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/ricardogz10/18321737745'>Rick González [Flickr]</a>, licensed under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">CC BY 2.0</a>. ImageMonterrey, México
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/speedoflifetours/9620872513'>Speed of Life Tours [Flickr]</a>, licensed under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageSan José, Costa Rica
© <a href="//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:FF_MM">FF MM</a>, licensed under <a href="http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html">GFDL</a>, <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9506666">Link</a>. ImageAsunción, Paraguay
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/luxtonnerre/23888191760'>LuxTonnerre [Flickr]</a>, licensed under <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/">CC BY-NC 2.0</a>. ImageRío de Janeiro, Brasil
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Francisco Sanin and Lim Jaeyong appointed as co-directors for the 2019 Seoul Biennale

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© Tommaso Tanini - <a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/imagearchive/3709498895/in/set-72157622307379208">https://www.flickr.com/photos/imagearchive/3709498895/in/set-72157622307379208</a>, <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0" title="Creative Commons Attribution 4.0">CC BY 4.0</a>, <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=35831971">Link</a> Francisco Sanin (left), Peter Wilson, Felicit Scott, Pier Vittorio Aureli during the Symposium (curated by Pietro Valle) "Architecture, visions and Power". in Florence, Italy © Tommaso Tanini - <a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/imagearchive/3709498895/in/set-72157622307379208">https://www.flickr.com/photos/imagearchive/3709498895/in/set-72157622307379208</a>, <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0" title="Creative Commons Attribution 4.0">CC BY 4.0</a>, <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=35831971">Link</a> Francisco Sanin (left), Peter Wilson, Felicit Scott, Pier Vittorio Aureli during the Symposium (curated by Pietro Valle) "Architecture, visions and Power". in Florence, Italy Colombian professor Francisco Sanin and South Korean architect Lim Jaeyong were appointed as co-directors for the 2019 Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism. The announcement is followed by an inaugural edition held in 2017 with 460,000 visitors in total. Born in Medellin, Colombia, Sanin earned his degree at the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. He had a crucial role in Medellin's urban transformation, working alongside former mayor Sergio Fajardo, and was co-commissioner of the Korean Pavilion at the 2008 Venice Biennale. Currently, Sanin is an architecture professor at Syracuse University School of Architecture. Also, a practicing
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These Are The 20 Most Livable Cities in the World in 2018

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© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/theodevil/4970314282'>Miroslav Petrasko [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageViena, Austria © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/theodevil/4970314282'>Miroslav Petrasko [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageViena, Austria For the ninth consecutive year, Vienna reaches the first place in Mercer rankings on cities with the best quality of life in the world. Despite the current economic volatility in the European continent, the Austrian capital joins eight other European cities in the top ten.  This is the 20th edition of the Mercer Rankings. The consultancy, which specializes in advising multinational companies in the transfer of employees, evaluated more than 450 cities around the world. Their rankings take into account 39 factors divided into 10 categories, including political and economic environment, socio-cultural status, sanitation, educational and leisure opportunities, housing markets and natural disasters. At the regional level, Vancouver (5th), Singapore (25th), Montevideo (77th) and Port Louis (83rd) are the highest ranking cities in North America, Asia, Latin America and Africa respectively. According to Mercer,
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/theodevil/4970314282'>Miroslav Petrasko [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageViena, Austria
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/mark-gunn/28426846501/'>Mark Gunn [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">CC BY 2.0</a>. ImageZurich, Suiza
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/patarika/35144631252'>PATARIKA [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageAuckland, Nueva Zelanda
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/mariano-mantel/10354531996/'>Mariano Mantel [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/">CC BY-NC 2.0</a>. ImageMunich, Alemania
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/gord99/15967566717'>Gord McKenna [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageVancouver, Canadá
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/collylogic/8216660229'>Simon Collison [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageDüsseldorf, Alemania
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/poly-image/14137855504'>Polybert49 [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/">CC BY-SA 2.0</a>. ImageFrankfurt, Alemania
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/erikharstrom/14972152080'>Erik Harström [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageGinebra, Suiza
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/thomasmorkeberg/15470538219/'>Thomas D Mørkeberg [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageCopenhague, Dinamarca
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/blok70/23445007031/'>VV Nincic [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">CC BY 2.0</a>. ImageBasilea, Suiza
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/129440207@N08/25263520170/'>Kevin Rheese [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">CC BY 2.0</a>. ImageSydney, Australia
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/127039547@N03/16472299771'>jorgegaygago [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageÁmsterdam, Holanda
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/danielmennerich/5882964063'>Daniel Mennerich [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageBerlín, Alemania
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/d1mkavetrov/6146385011'>dmitry vetrov [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageBern, Suiza
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/aschaf/23832617062/'>Andrea Schaffer [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">CC BY 2.0</a>. ImageWellington, Nueva Zelanda
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/aribakker/2339361960'>Ari Bakker [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">CC BY 2.0</a>. ImageMelbourne, Australia
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/39997856@N03/12765007753'>mariusz kluzniak [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageToronto, Canadá
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/127267277@N04/15974369442/'>Hans Porochelt [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageLuxemburgo, Luxemburgo
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/anotherangle/28147868389'>Michael Muraz [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">CC BY-NC-ND 2.0</a>. ImageOttawa, Canadá
© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/cfaobam/12508377004'>Carsten Frenzl [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">CC BY 2.0</a>. ImageHamburgo, Alemania
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Who Has Won the Pritzker Prize?

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Pritzker Prize 2017 Ceremony: Ryue Nishizawa, Tadao Ando, Kazuyo Sejima, Rafael Aranda, Glenn Murcutt, Carme Pigem, Ramon Vilalta, Toyo Ito, Shigeru Ban. Image © The Hyatt Foundation / Pritzker Architecture Prize Pritzker Prize 2017 Ceremony: Ryue Nishizawa, Tadao Ando, Kazuyo Sejima, Rafael Aranda, Glenn Murcutt, Carme Pigem, Ramon Vilalta, Toyo Ito, Shigeru Ban. Image © The Hyatt Foundation / Pritzker Architecture Prize The Pritzker Prize is the most important award in the field of architecture, awarded to a living architect whose built work "has produced consistent and significant contributions to humanity through the art of architecture." The Prize rewards individuals, not entire offices, as took place in 2000 (when the jury selected Rem Koolhaas instead of his firm OMA) or in 2016 (with Alejandro Aravena selected instead of Elemental); however, the prize can also be awarded to multiple individuals working together, as took place in 2001 (Herzog & de Meuron), 2010 (Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa of SANAA), and 2017 (Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem, and Ramon Vilalta of RCR Arquitectes). The award is an initiative funded by
© <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.flickr.com/people/48039697@N05">City of Boston Archives</a> vía West Roxbury, USA, license under <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0">CC BY 2.0</a>. ImagePhilip Johnson, Pritzker Prize 1979
© <a href="//commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=User:Tomjc.55&amp;action=edit&amp;redlink=1">Tomjc.55</a>, under license <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0">CC BY-SA 4.0</a>. Image Luis Barragán, Pritzker 1980
Kevin Roche, Pritzker 1982. Image © Balthazar Korab
© RIBA <a href='http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/architecture/7206598/Lifetime-achievement-award-for-architect-I.-M.-Pei.html?image=9'>via The Telegraph</a>. ImageI. M. Pei, Pritzker 1983
© Silja Magg
© <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/eager/16041356097">準建築人手札網站 Forgemind ArchiMedia</a>, under license <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">CC BY 2.0</a>. Image Hans Hollein, Pritzker 1985
Gottfried Böhm, Premio Pritzker 1986. Image Cortesía de AFFR
© Dijk, Hans van / Anefo, vía Wikipedia under license <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/nl/deed.en">CC BY-SA 3.0 nl</a>. Image Kenzo Tange, Pritzker 1987
Oscar Niemeyer, Premio Pritzker 1988. Image Cortesía de Fundação Oscar Niemeyer
Gordon Bunshaft, Premio Pritzker 1988. Image Cortesía de SOM / © Alburtus – Yale News Bureau
Frank Gehry, Pritzker 1989. Image © Alexandra Cabri
© George Widman/AP Photo. Image Robert Venturi, Pritzker 1991
© <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:%C3%81lvaro_Siza#/media/File:Siza_Vieira_na_Exponor.JPG"> Manuel de Sousa </a>, bajo licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0">CC BY-SA 3.0</a>. ImageÁlvaro Siza, Premio Pritzker 1992
By <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/34053489@N08">jeanbaptisteparis</a> - <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/jeanbaptisteparis/4411544141/lightbox/">flickr: Fumihiko Maki</a>, <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0">CC BY-SA 2.0</a>, <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14465487">Link</a>. ImageFumihiko Maki, Pritzker 1993
By Jacques-Franck Degioanni - www.christiandeportzamparc.com/fr/contact/, <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0">CC BY-SA 4.0</a>, <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=57960833">Link</a>. ImageChristian de Portzamparc, Pritzker 1994
By <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/34053489@N08">Christopher Schriner</a> from Köln, Deutschland - <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/krss/3166875352/">flickr: Tadao Ando</a>, <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0">CC BY-SA 2.0</a>, <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12612973">Link</a>. ImageTadao Ando, Pritzker 1995
© Stina Glømmi. Image Sverre Fehn, Pritzker 1997
Rem Koolhaas, Pritzker 2000. Image © Miguel de Guzmán
Glenn Murcutt (centro), Pritzker 2002. Image © The Glenn Murcutt Masterclass
Jørn Utzon, Pritzker 2003. Image © 準建築人手札網站 Forgemind ArchiMedia Seguir
Zaha Hadid, Pritzker 2004. Image © Mary McCartney
Paulo Mendes da Rocha, Premio Pritzker 2006. Image Cortesía de Paulo Mendes da Rocha Archive
Richard Rogers, Pritzker 2007. Image © Andrew Zuckermann / RSHP
By <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.flickr.com/people/92564615@N00">Christopher Ohmeyer</a> from vienna, AUT - <a rel="nofollow" href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/stoffelix/9680814566/">flickr: jean-nouvelle-0300 copy</a>, <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0">CC BY-SA 2.0</a>, <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28825438">Link</a>. ImageJean Nouvel, Pritzker 2008
Peter Zumthor, Pritzker 2009. Image © Yael Engelhart for Ha'aretz
Eduardo Souto de Moura, Pritzker 2011. Image © Yusuke Suzuki
Wang Shu, Pritzker 2012. Image © Zhu Chenzhou
Shigeru Ban, Premio Pritzker 2014. Image Cortesía de Shigeru Ban Architects
Frei Otto, Pritzker 2015. Image © Ingenhoven und Partner Architekten
Alejandro Aravena, Pritzker 2016. Image © Manuel Albornoz
Rafael Aranda (izq), Carme Pigem y Ramón Vilalta, Pritzker 2017. Image © Javier Lorenzo Domínguez
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Drone Photographs of Bogotá’s Grand Architecture Show the “Unedited” Side of the City

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La Biblioteca Virgilio Barco from a certain perspective inspired by the movie "Inception". Image © Camilo Monzón La Biblioteca Virgilio Barco from a certain perspective inspired by the movie "Inception". Image © Camilo Monzón Colombian graphic designer and creative director Camilo Monzón's Instagram account is not your average catalog of Bogotá's iconic architecture.  Camilo explains that his particular way of capturing the city arose while he tried out his drone. "I realized that the tiles from nearby buildings showed me an unedited side of Bogotá that should be revealed and shown to everyone," he said in a conversation with ArchDaily en Español. "I think of it as rediscovering the city."
Las Torres del Parque, designed by Rogelio Salmona. Image © Camilo Monzón Las Torres del Parque, designed by Rogelio Salmona. Image © Camilo Monzón

His images use Photoshop to merge Bogotá's notable buildings like the Planetario Distrital, Plaza de Toros de Santamaría and the Torres del Parque, with photographs of the roadways and roundabouts that dot the Colombian capital.  "The work of Rogelio Salmona is iconic and obviously beautiful, but

Planetario Distrital de Bogotá. Image © Camilo Monzón
Plaza de Toros de Santamaría. Image © Camilo Monzón
Glorieta próxima al Museo de los Niños. Image © Camilo Monzón
La circunvalación de la Diagonal 117 de Bogotá. Image © Camilo Monzón
Intersección de la Calle 100 con la Carrera 15 en Bogotá. Image © Camilo Monzón
Líneas cruzadas en la Diagonal 92 con NQS, Bogotá. Image © Camilo Monzón
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Alejandro Aravena Discloses New Details on ELEMENTAL’s Cultural Mega-Project in Qatar

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ELEMENTAL proposal for the Art Mill in Qatar. Image © ELEMENTAL / Malcolm Reading Consultants ELEMENTAL proposal for the Art Mill in Qatar. Image © ELEMENTAL / Malcolm Reading Consultants In May 2017, the Chilean firm ELEMENTAL was chosen to design the Art Mill, a cultural center that will be one of the largest in Qatar and will share a neighborhood with the Museum of Islamic Art (by I.M. Pei) and the National Museum of Qatar (by Jean Nouvel).  After making a trip to Doha (Qatar), Alejandro Aravena spoke with Chilean newspaper El Mercurio and shared details about this project. "One of the things we set out to do is to make this endure for the next 1,000 years," explains the 2016 Pritzker Prize winner. "When you look at industrial facilities, especially silos, archaeological ruins are the kind of things that remain," he adds.
ELEMENTAL proposal for the Art Mill in Qatar. Image © ELEMENTAL / Malcolm Reading Consultants ELEMENTAL proposal for the Art Mill in Qatar. Image © ELEMENTAL / Malcolm Reading Consultants
At the time, the
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10 Architects to Design Chapels for the 2018 Venice Architecture Biennale

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© <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/archer10/5115399433/'>Dennis Jarvis [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/'>CC BY-SA 2.0</a>. ImageBasílica papal de San Pedro, El Vaticano © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/archer10/5115399433/'>Dennis Jarvis [Flickr]</a>, bajo licencia <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/'>CC BY-SA 2.0</a>. ImageBasílica papal de San Pedro, El Vaticano In 2018 the Vatican will participate in the Venice Architecture Biennale for the first time. Ten international architects will construct 10 different chapels as part of the representation of the city-state in the Italian architecture event. The news was confirmed by Paraguayan media outlets ABC y Última Horawho revealed that one of the participants was local architect Javier Corvalán. The elite group of architects was selected by Francesco Dal Co, an Italian architecture historian and curator. The designers have been instructed that their chapels must be able to be relocated so that they can be deployed around the world, in places that are in need of these spaces of worship. The architects who will build chapels in the 2018 Venice Architecture Biennale:

Will Automation Affect Architects?

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© Nicolás Valencia, using image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/masakiishitani/4065681012/'>Flickr user masakiishitani</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/'>CC BY-NC-SA 2.0</a> © Nicolás Valencia, using image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/masakiishitani/4065681012/'>Flickr user masakiishitani</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/'>CC BY-NC-SA 2.0</a> According to The Economist, 47% of the work done by humans will have been replaced by robots by 2037, even those traditionally associated with university education. While the World Economic Forum estimates that between 2015 and 2020, 7.1 million jobs will be lost around the world, as "artificial intelligence, robotics, nanotechnology and other socio-economic factors replace the need for human employees."  It's not science fiction: the MIT Technology Review warns that the current debate over raising the minimum wage for fast food employees in the United States would accelerate their own automation. On the other hand, Silicon Valley personalities and millionaires like Elon Musk and Richard Branson warned that the impact of automation will force the creation of a universal basic income to compensate not only the
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A Lawn Circle 70 Meters in Diameter Took Over Plaza Mayor in Madrid

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Cortesía de Ayuntamiento de Madrid / Difusión Cortesía de Ayuntamiento de Madrid / Difusión Earlier this year the Plaza Mayor in Madrid awoke covered by a giant meadow of natural grass. A circle of 70 meters in diameter, without any restriction of access, allowed Madrilenians to take a break, sit down, read a book or simply take a picture, enjoying this urban landmark from a new perspective. This seemingly simple, but impressive doing is the most recent intervention by the anonymous artist SpY was part of Four Seasons (Cuatro Estaciones), an urban art program run by the Madrid City Council to celebrate the IV Centenary of the Plaza Mayor.
Cortesía de Ayuntamiento de Madrid / Difusión Cortesía de Ayuntamiento de Madrid / Difusión

Public access was not limited nor there was a time limit, so the public could walk through the room 24 hours a day. Once the installation was completed and disassembled, the lawn of the intervention was due to be sent to a

Cortesía de Ayuntamiento de Madrid / Difusión
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Why Freddy Mamani is Leading A New Andean Architecture

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© Alfredo Zeballos © Alfredo Zeballos

The media outbreak for architect Elisabetta Andreoli and artist Ligia D'Andrea’s book "Andean Architecture of Bolivia", which focuses on the work of Freddy Mamani - ex-bricklayer turned engineer and constructor- has become the excuse to talk about everything else related to the highland country of Bolivia.

Such as the shortcomings and luxuries of the rapid urban expansion dispersed in El Alto, the youngest city in Bolivia; the birth of a new Aymara bourgeoisie in the shadow of the white elites; and the birth of a contemporary architectural identity that bothers purists and makes Aymaras proud, but is rejected by local architecture schools. Below, you can find out more about this new type of architecture together with photos by Alfredo Zeballos

© Alfredo Zeballos © Alfredo Zeballos

It was an achievement for everyone; one for Elisabetta and Ligia, another for Mamani. The presentation of the book "Andean Architecture of

© Alfredo Zeballos
© Alfredo Zeballos
© Alfredo Zeballos
© Alfredo Zeballos
© Alfredo Zeballos
© Alfredo Zeballos
© Alfredo Zeballos
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Andrés Jaque: “Architecture Is Always Political”

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In the context of the XX Biennial of Architecture and Urbanism in Chile, we spoke with the Spanish architect Andrés Jaque, founder of the Office for Political Innovation. In a conversation named Lucha Libre Jaque argued that "all architects are politicians" by default and the real question is what forms of policy we are willing to defend.
MoMA PS1 YAP 2015 - COSMO / Andrés Jaque / Office for Political Innovation. Image © Miguel de Guzmán MoMA PS1 YAP 2015 - COSMO / Andrés Jaque / Office for Political Innovation. Image © Miguel de Guzmán

In this interview, Jaque states that "politics have to do with how things are brought together, and what is the possibility... of certain situations to be produced by architects which ones are blocked." Jaque explains: 

This doesn’t mean that all architects are aware of this political performance of what they design, nor does it mean that it is only the architect that makes the architecture perform politically in a particular way; but it means that architects in a way

Escaravox / Andrés Jaque / Office for Political Innovation. Image © Miguel de Guzmán
Super Powers of Ten / Andrés Jaque / Office for Political Innovation. Image © Jorge López Conde
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Artist Brings Striking Pop Surrealism To An Abandoned French Castle

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© Spencer Chopem Down © Spencer Chopem Down Okuda, the Spanish artist who has been converted into one of the biggest figures in pop surrealism, is continuing his artistic journey in France. After paying homage to the Mona Lisa in the façade of a 19 story building and designing a trampoline above the Seine River, the artist has now taken on the façade of the Valette Castle (1864) in Loiret, which has been abandoned since the 80’s.  The work is titled “Skull in Mirror” and reactivates the Valette Castle whose history links France and Spain. In 1936, during the time of the Spanish Civil War, Republicans purchased the castle, where initially it housed children evacuated from conflict and then later, political exiles. In the 50’s, Spain, under Franco’s rule reclaimed it and used it for holiday camps. Two decades later, the castle was converted into a Spanish school and by 1986 was
© Spencer Chopem Down
© Spencer Chopem Down
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Jan Gehl: The Modern Movement Put an End to the Human Scale

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On Thursday 29 of June, Jan Gehl the Danish architect and urban planner, spoke at the Conference “Thinking urban: cities for people” organised by UN-Habitat and the Official Architects College of Madrid (COAM as it is abbreviated in Spanish) about the urban transformations that have occurred in Copenhagen as a result of the errors of the modernist movement and the challenges facing the cities in the 21st century. In a prior discussion with José María Ezquiaga (dean of COAM), and José Manuel Calvo (councilor of the Sustainable Development Area at the Madrid city council) at the Conference, Gehl highlighted the urban paradigm at the time of his student years, which is referred to as the Brasilia syndrome. 
When I was a student, Brasilia was considered the ideal city. It was fantastic from a plane, designed in the shape of a big eagle, with the head being the parliament
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Jan Gehl: The Modern Movement Put an End to the Human Scale

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On Thursday 29 of June, Jan Gehl the Danish architect and urban planner, spoke at the Conference “Thinking urban: cities for people” organised by UN-Habitat and the Official Architects College of Madrid (COAM as it is abbreviated in Spanish) about the urban transformations that have occurred in Copenhagen as a result of the errors of the modernist movement and the challenges facing the cities in the 21st century. In a prior discussion with José María Ezquiaga (dean of COAM), and José Manuel Calvo (councilor of the Sustainable Development Area at the Madrid city council) at the Conference, Gehl highlighted the urban paradigm at the time of his student years, which is referred to as the Brasilia syndrome. 
When I was a student, Brasilia was considered the ideal city. It was fantastic from a plane, designed in the shape of a big eagle, with the head being the parliament
Continue reading "Jan Gehl: The Modern Movement Put an End to the Human Scale"

Advice For Procrastinator Architects

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Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia Scrolling through memes of cats in disguise. Checking if food has magically appeared in your refrigerator every ten minutes. Obsessively arranging books on your shelf by color. Renaming your computer's folders. In short, we seem to thrive on any irrelevant activity to avoid starting a reading, essay, model, or project. Procrastinate now, work later. Your future self can take care of business, after all. As we suffer through long and strenuous projects, it is likely that we have all slipped into procrastination in order to avoid our next task. Not only do we avoid confronting work at the office or university studio, but also those personal errands which, if we dedicated ourselves, would enhance our daily lives. Below, based on our own experiences and expert opinion,
Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia
Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia
Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia
Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia
Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia
Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia
Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia
Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia
Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia
Collage: "The Storm" by Pierre-Auguste (87.15.134). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000-. [1] (January, 2007), under public domain + Emoji One [Wikipedia], under license CC BY-SA 4.0. Image © Nicolás Valencia
Continue reading "Advice For Procrastinator Architects"

RCR Arquitectes to Design Catalan Pavilion at 2018 Venice Biennale

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Rafael Aranda (left), Carme Pigem and Ramón Vilalta, founders of RCR Arquitectes and 2017 Pritzker Prize winners. Image © Javier Lorenzo Domínguez Rafael Aranda (left), Carme Pigem and Ramón Vilalta, founders of RCR Arquitectes and 2017 Pritzker Prize winners. Image © Javier Lorenzo Domínguez The winners of the 2017 Pritzker Prize, RCR Arquitectes, has been selected to lead the proposal and design of the Catalan pavilion at the 2018 Venice Biennale. The news was announced yesterday by Santi Vila, Minister of Culture of the Generalitat of Catalonia, during the opening of this year’s Venice Biennale of Art. The architects from Olot are the first confirmed participants of the next edition of the Architecture Biennale, which is being curated by Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara of the Ireland-based Grafton Architects. For the first time, the Institut Ramon Llull (IRL) made the selection without a call for public opinion. Speaking to El País, Vila explained that it is "an exceptional decision, agreed upon by the field and a worthy institutional recognition
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NL Architects and XVW Architectuur’s deFlat Wins 2017 EU Prize for Contemporary Architecture – Mies van der Rohe Award

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DeFlatKleiburg /  NL architects + XVW architectuur. Image © Marcel van der Burg DeFlatKleiburg / NL architects + XVW architectuur. Image © Marcel van der Burg

NL Architects + XVW architectuur’s “innovative renovation” of the DeFlat Kleiburg apartment complex in Amsterdam’s Bijlmermeer neighbourhood has been selected as the winner of the 2017 EU Prize for Contemporary Architecture-Mies van der Rohe Award.

One of the largest residential buildings in the Netherlands, the complex was saved from the wrecking ball through its transformation into a rejuvenated framework called a “Klusflat," within which inhabitants could renovate their apartments by themselves. This is the first time the award has been given to a renovation of an existing building.

DeFlat Kleiburg was selected from a list of 355 works from 36 European countries, including the four other finalist projects: Rudy Ricciotti + Passelac & Roques’ Rivesaltes Memorial; BBGK Architekci’s Katyn Museum; Lundgaard & Tranberg Architects’ Kannikegården; and Alison Brooks Architects’ Ely Court. NL

DeFlatKleiburg /  NL architects + XVW architectuur. Image © Marcel van der Burg
DeFlatKleiburg /  NL architects + XVW architectuur. Image © Marcel van der Burg
DeFlatKleiburg /  NL architects + XVW architectuur. Image © Marcel van der Burg
DeFlatKleiburg /  NL architects + XVW architectuur. Image © Marcel van der Burg
5 unidades de vivienda social en Navez / MSA / V+. Image © Serge Brison
5 unidades de vivienda social en Navez / MSA / V+. Image © Serge Brison
5 unidades de vivienda social en Navez / MSA / V+. Image © Serge Brison
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86% of the Most Dangerous Cities are in This Part of the World

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© <a href='https://500px.com/photo/211107851/untitled-by-magdalena-Roeseler'>500px user Magdalena Roesler</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/'>CC BY 3.0</a> © <a href='https://500px.com/photo/211107851/untitled-by-magdalena-Roeseler'>500px user Magdalena Roesler</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/'>CC BY 3.0</a> For the past fifteen years, global headlines have depicted, through harrowing imagery, the effects of war on cities across the Middle East. An inevitable fracturing of law and order leads to an explosion of crime which we imagine could not be tolerated in a region at peace. However, when cities in war zones are set aside, an overwhelming yet underreported narrative emerges – 86% of the world’s most dangerous cities are in Latin America and the Caribbean.  Although it accounts for only 8% of the world’s population, one in three global homicides occur in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Homicide Observatory at the Igarapé Institute in Brazil warns that fourteen of the twenty countries with the highest homicide rates are in Latin America, while the Citizen's Council for Public Security and Criminal
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This House was Built in 5 Days Using Recycled Plastic Bricks

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Construction of house made of recycled plastic bricks.. Image Courtesy of Conceptos Plásticos Construction of house made of recycled plastic bricks.. Image Courtesy of Conceptos Plásticos

Ten years ago when Colombian Fernando Llanos tried to build his own house in Cundinamarca, he realized that moving the materials from Bogota was going to be very difficult. After mulling it over, he decided to build his house out of plastic, and after a series of trials and errors, he ended up meeting architect Óscar Méndez, who developed his thesis on the same subject, and together they founded the company Conceptos Plásticos (Plastic Concepts) in 2011. 

The innovative local company managed to patent its system of bricks and pillars made of recycled plastic, which is then put together like Lego pieces in a construction system that lets you build houses up to two stories high in five days.

Construction of house made of recycled plastic bricks.. Image Courtesy of Conceptos Plásticos Construction of house made of recycled plastic bricks.. Image Courtesy of Conceptos Plásticos

Instead of using

Construction of house made of recycled plastic bricks.. Image Courtesy of Conceptos Plásticos
Construction of house made of recycled plastic bricks.. Image Courtesy of Conceptos Plásticos
Temporary shelter in Guapi (Colombia) for 42 families displaced by armed conflict.. Image Courtesy of Conceptos Plásticos
Temporary shelter in Guapi (Colombia) for 42 families displaced by armed conflict.. Image Courtesy of Conceptos Plásticos
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45 Years of Architecture Model Photography in Spain

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Concurso Internacional de Anteproyectos para el Monumento a José Batlle y Ordóñez en Montevideo (Uruguay), 1959. Arquitecto: Roberto Puig Álvarez. Escultor: Jorge Oteiza. Image © Fototeca del Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de España, Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. Archivo del Museo Oteiza Concurso Internacional de Anteproyectos para el Monumento a José Batlle y Ordóñez en Montevideo (Uruguay), 1959. Arquitecto: Roberto Puig Álvarez. Escultor: Jorge Oteiza. Image © Fototeca del Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de España, Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. Archivo del Museo Oteiza 138 images, 14 albums, 20 magazines, 13 original models and one projection are part of Modeling for the Camera: Photography of architectural models in Spain, 1925-1970, the current exhibition of the ICO Museum in Madrid, curated by Iñaki Bergera, PhD of Architecture from the University of Navarra. The exhibition is tied to the book of the same name that was published in 2016, edited by La Fábrica and the Ministry of Public Works (Spain). In times when 3D visualization software has popularized, accelerated and perfected the rendering industry, both materials choose to value the legacy of architectural model photography in the 20th century.
Anteproyecto del Banco Comercial Transatlántico, Barcelona, 1956. Arquitectos: Francesc Mitjans i Miró. Image © Fondo F. Mitjans Miró. Arxiu Històric del Col·legi d’Arquitectes de Catalunya Anteproyecto
Albergue de montaña, Vitoria (Álava), 1957. Arquitecto: Javier Carvajal Ferrer. Image © José Calvo. Archivo General de la Universidad de Navarra
Filial Seat, Barcelona, 1961. Arquitectos: César Ortiz Echagüe Rubio y Rafael Echaide Itarte. Image © Fondo O. Maspons. Arxiu Històric del Col·legi d’Arquitectes de Catalunya. Archivo General de la Universidad de Navarra
“Casa Bloc”, Barcelona, 1933. Arquitectos: Josep Lluís Sert i López, Josep Torres i Clavé y Joan Baptista Subirana i Subirana. Image © Fondo J. Torres Clavé. Arxiu Històric del Col·legi d’Arquitectes de Catalunya
Club de Táchira, Caracas (Venezuela), 1956. Arquitectos: Eduardo Torroja Miret y José Fructoso Vivas Vivas. Image © Archives de la construction moderne– École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, fonds Alberto Sartoris. © García Moya
Refugio de alta montaña. Primer premio concurso Mateu Pla, 1958. Arquitectos: Fernando Higueras Díaz, Juan Pedro Capote Aquino y José Serrano-Suñer Polo. Image © Fundación Fernando Higueras
Anteproyecto de Templete al aire libre para banda de música. Premio Nacional de Arquitectura, 1962. Arquitecto: Juan Daniel Fullaondo Errazu. Image © Archivo Paco Gómez / Fundación Foto Colectania
Concurso para el Teatro Nacional de la Ópera, Madrid, 1963. Arquitecto: Rafael Aburto Renobales. Image © Archivo General de la  Universidad de Navarra
Sede de los Laboratorios JORBA, Madrid, 1965. Arquitecto: Miguel Fisac Serna. Image © C. Jiménez. Fundación Fisac
Torres Blancas, Madrid, 1969. Arquitecto: Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza. Image © Colección Arxiu Històric del Col·legi d’Arquitectes de Catalunya. Fotografía: L. Jiménez
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