What Affects the Quality of Life in Urban Environments?

    <figure>
© Yves Bachmann © Yves Bachmann

As I left the streets of Zurich after attending a conference about the quality of life in urban environments, I came across a living example of the lecture I had just attended. I turned the corner and felt that I was inside an architectural rendering: the trees were pruned and green, there were no hanging electrical wires, cyclists drove elegantly along bike lanes, the tram moved quietly and punctually while bathers enjoyed their summer in rivers and lakes. To my surprise, I walked under an overpass and realized that even urban cities could be skilled and safe. After my stroll, I stopped for a cup of coffee and knew that the person that attended me received a fair salary and did not have to work three jobs to pay the bills (of course the coffee did not come cheap). However, these small, almost mundane observations for some, do provide a well-being and

© Yves Bachmann
© Yves Bachmann
© Yves Bachmann
Continue reading "What Affects the Quality of Life in Urban Environments?"

How to Calculate Spiral Staircase Dimensions and Designs

    <figure>
© Matheus Pereira © Matheus Pereira

Spiral staircases save valuable square meters because they occupy a much smaller area than a conventional staircase. With daring shapes and diverse configurations, they can also be iconic objects in projects. However, the design of these staircases requires careful attention so that you can prevent an uncomfortable or dangerous outcome. Although BIM software simplifies this process, it's always important to understand the restrictions and the underlying concepts.

Spiral staircases can adopt different structural configurations. The most common ones have a circular format with a central mast from which the steps are fixed.

© Nelson Kon © Nelson Kon

For this design, three main factors must be taken into account:

  • How high must the staircase rise vertically? (Distance between floors)
  • What is its angle of rotation?
  • What is its diameter?

It's important to be clear about where the staircase will begin and where it will end at the upper level, according to the flows that have been

© Matheus Pereira
© Matheus Pereira
© Matheus Pereira
© Mark Cocksedge
© Agnese Sanvito
Continue reading "How to Calculate Spiral Staircase Dimensions and Designs"

Kengo Kuma and OODA Win Competition to Redevelop Porto Slaughterhouse

    <figure>
Courtesy of Kengo Kuma & Associates + OODA Courtesy of Kengo Kuma & Associates + OODA

Kengo Kuma and Associates, in collaboration with OODA, have won a competition for the redevelopment of an old industrial slaughterhouse in Porto. The competition was launched in 2017 to transform the building, now abandoned for 20 years, into an anchor for social interaction, while maintaining the memory of the early 20th-century building. 

The scheme seeks to reconnect the previously important structure with the city center, through interventions such as a bridge linking the site with a nearby metro station. Meanwhile, a vernacular roof stretching across the entire site unites old and new, under which sits a museum, library, performance space, art archive, and creative laboratory. 

Project description from the architects:

For the new Matadouro (Slaughterhouse) project we are interested in creating a building rooted in local history and memory and to develop a sensory translation of the public space that
Courtesy of Kengo Kuma & Associates + OODA
Courtesy of Kengo Kuma & Associates + OODA
Courtesy of Kengo Kuma & Associates + OODA
Courtesy of Kengo Kuma & Associates + OODA
Courtesy of Kengo Kuma & Associates + OODA
Continue reading "Kengo Kuma and OODA Win Competition to Redevelop Porto Slaughterhouse"

Cross Laminated Timber (CLT): What It Is and How To Use It

    <figure>
The Smile / Alison Brooks Architects. Image © Alison Brooks The Smile / Alison Brooks Architects. Image © Alison Brooks A few weeks ago we published an article on a recent sustainability crisis that often goes unnoticed. The construction industry has been consuming an exorbitant amount of sand, and it's gradually depleting. When used for manufacturing concrete, glass, and other materials, it is a matter that should concern us. Construction is one of the largest producers of solid waste in the world. For instance, Brazil represents about 50% to 70% of the total solid waste produced. But how can we change this situation if most of the materials we use are not renewable, and therefore, finite? Popularized in Europe and gradually gaining attention in the rest of the world, Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) stands out for its strength, appearance, versatility, and sustainability. The material consists of planks (or lamellas) of sawn, glued, and layered wood, where each layer is oriented
Cross-Laminated-Timber Cottage / Kariouk Associates. Image © Photolux Studio (Christian Lalonde)
Cross-Laminated-Timber Cottage / Kariouk Associates. Image © Photolux Studio (Christian Lalonde)
Skilpod #150 Zero Energy / Skilpod + UAU Collectiv. Image © Geert Van Hertum
Kiterasu / ofa. Image © Ken'ichi Suzuki
MINIMOD Catuçaba / MAPA. Image © Leonardo Finotti
Skilpod #150 Zero Energy / Skilpod + UAU Collectiv. Image © Geert Van Hertum
MINIMOD Catuçaba / MAPA. Image © Leonardo Finotti
Kiterasu / ofa. Image © Ken'ichi Suzuki
Cross-Laminated-Timber Cottage / Kariouk Associates. Image © Photolux Studio (Christian Lalonde)
CLTHouse / atelierjones. Image © Lara Swimmer Photography
Maria & José House / Sergio Sampaio Arquitetura. Image © Leonardo Finotti
The Smile / Alison Brooks Architects. Image © Guy Bell
Continue reading "Cross Laminated Timber (CLT): What It Is and How To Use It"

Most Architects Prefer Working in Organized Spaces, But Some Opt for “Organized Chaos”

    <figure>
© Matheus Pereira © Matheus Pereira When we say "most" architects, we're basing our conclusion on the responses to our first AD Discussion of 2018. Even though Tim Harford, author of the book Messy, contends that disorder and a bit of confusion can be linked to spaces that inspire more creativity, our readers tend to disagree. In our review of comments on our article, the majority of respondents explained that workspaces with out-of-place objects negatively affected their ability to concentrate. Many responses alluded to their more efficient and prolific results gained by working in an organized space. But that doesn't mean that all ArchDaily readers agreed; there are still ardent defenders of "control chaos" who insist that their best work emerges from working beneath piles of papers or supplies.  Perhaps this debate seems irrelevant; "what's the point?" you may ask. But if we consider the number of architects who are designing
Continue reading "Most Architects Prefer Working in Organized Spaces, But Some Opt for “Organized Chaos”"

Aldo’s Kitchen / IBUKU

    <figure>
Courtesy of IBUKU Courtesy of IBUKU
  • Architects: IBUKU
  • Location: Sibang Kaja, Abiansemal, Badung Regency, Bali, Indonesia
  • Client: Green School
  • Site Area: 45000
  • Area: 500.0 m2
  • Project Year: 2007
Courtesy of IBUKU Courtesy of IBUKU

Text description provided by the architects. Aldo's Kitchen was one of the first bamboo buildings in the area, imagined by Aldo Landwher, a former sculptor and jewelry designer who conceived the original buildings of the Green School, for John Hardy. The building also strongly inspired the design of the Heart of School at Green Schoo Bali, where the form was repeated 3 times, maintaining proportions and similar ideas.

Courtesy of IBUKU Courtesy of IBUKU

It was initially designed to be a restaurant, but it is currently the headquarters of the IBUKU office, highlighting the versatility and longevity of the bamboo structure. Defit Wijaya, senior architect of IBUKU, explains that the design was based on the shape of a snail, spiraled and without orthogonal

Courtesy of IBUKU
Model. Image Courtesy of IBUKU
Courtesy of IBUKU
Continue reading "Aldo’s Kitchen / IBUKU"

Architecture Documentaries to Watch in 2018

    <figure>
The new year is here! And with it, a new slate of documentaries we're dying to see.

Of all the media forms, film seems to be the most adept at making a personal connection with viewers, offering a behind-the-scenes look into the lives of a great architect, the construction, and performance of a project or an issue that is confronting the entire architecture community. This year's films are no exception, as we get the chance to learn about the daily routines of Bjarke Ingels and Paulo Mendes da Rocha, projects by Tadao Ando and Glenn Murcutt, and the troubles of urbanization and gentrification.

Check out this year's list below, and find more great architecture documentaries with our Architecture Documentaries to Watch in 2017Architecture Documentaries to Watch in 2015, our top 40 Architecture Docs to Watch in 2014, and our 30 Architecture Docs to Watch in 2013.

BIG TIME
© atelier XYZ
Continue reading "Architecture Documentaries to Watch in 2018"

If We Were To Design The Ideal Building Material, It Would Look A Lot Like Bamboo

    <figure>
© Eduardo Souza © Eduardo Souza "Bamboo is too close to an ideal structural material." This statement by Neil Thomas during his talk at Bamboo U, which took place in November 2017 in Bali, really caught my attention. Neil is the director of atelier one, a London office of structural engineering, whose outstanding projects include stage and scenography for the Rolling Stones, Pink Floyd, and U2; art installations by Anish Kapoor and Marc Quinn; the Gardens by the Bay, in Singapore, among many others. From a few years to now, the engineer has exhaustive study about bamboo, its structural properties and its most diverse potentialities.  According to him, bamboo is too close to the ideal structural material, beginning with its tubular shape, an open section, such as a channel, is weaker than a closed one because the edge can bend much more easily. Just think of a sheet of paper and how it becomes stronger
© José Tomás Franco
© José Tomás Franco
Green School. Image © Eduardo Souza
© Eduardo Souza
© José Tomás Franco
Continue reading "If We Were To Design The Ideal Building Material, It Would Look A Lot Like Bamboo"

World Urbanism Day: A Selection of Texts About Cities and Urban Planning

    <figure>
Reprodução do manifesto original do símbolo do urbanismo. . Image via Della Paolera, C. M. (1934). El símbolo del urbanismo. Buenos Aires: Dirección del Plan de Urbanización, Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires Reprodução do manifesto original do símbolo do urbanismo. . Image via Della Paolera, C. M. (1934). El símbolo del urbanismo. Buenos Aires: Dirección del Plan de Urbanización, Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires Today, November 8, we celebrate World Urbanism Day. Created in 1949 by Carlos Maria della Paolera, a professor at the University of Buenos Aires, the day was meant to increase professional and public interest in planning, both locally and internationally. Paolera is also responsible for designing the symbol of World Urbanism Day, representing the trilogy of natural elements essential to life: the sun (in yellow), vegetation (in green) and air (in blue), referring to the balance between the natural environment and humans. Currently, the event is celebrated in thirty countries on four continents. According to Paolera: "Following the most varied directions in their research, urban planners around the world have come to the conclusion that it is necessary to recover the
Continue reading "World Urbanism Day: A Selection of Texts About Cities and Urban Planning"

Alvaro Siza’s Galician Center of Contemporary Art Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra

    <img src="http://images.adsttc.com/media/images/5966/1399/b22e/38be/df00/0393/original/ezgif.com-gif-maker.gif?1499861908">
The following photo set by Fernando Guerra focuses on the Galician Center of Contemporary Art, a project by Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza Vieira.  Located in the Spanish city of Santiago de Compostela, the Galician Center for Contemporary Art was developed in 1993. Its declared horizontality and respect for the surrounding buildings and the urban structure are configured in the most remarkable gestures of this project. The solid and austere volumes form the boundaries of the area to the streets, with subtractions that make it accessible. The center has several permanent and temporary exhibition rooms, auditorium, library, cafeteria and administrative rooms.
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

Granite is used blending to the surroundings, with the material "aging" along with the building, resembling the neighboring buildings, that are also built of the same material. Inside, Siza concentrated on three main materials: granite, marble, and wood, with a

© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Continue reading "Alvaro Siza’s Galician Center of Contemporary Art Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra"

Alvaro Siza’s Galician Center of Contemporary Art Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra

    <img src="http://images.adsttc.com/media/images/5966/1399/b22e/38be/df00/0393/original/ezgif.com-gif-maker.gif?1499861908">
The following photo set by Fernando Guerra focuses on the Galician Center of Contemporary Art, a project by Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza Vieira.  Located in the Spanish city of Santiago de Compostela, the Galician Center for Contemporary Art was developed in 1993. Its declared horizontality and respect for the surrounding buildings and the urban structure are configured in the most remarkable gestures of this project. The solid and austere volumes form the boundaries of the area to the streets, with subtractions that make it accessible. The center has several permanent and temporary exhibition rooms, auditorium, library, cafeteria and administrative rooms.
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

Granite is used blending to the surroundings, with the material "aging" along with the building, resembling the neighboring buildings, that are also built of the same material. Inside, Siza concentrated on three main materials: granite, marble, and wood, with a

© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Continue reading "Alvaro Siza’s Galician Center of Contemporary Art Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra"

Alvaro Siza’s Galician Center of Contemporary Art Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra

    <img src="http://images.adsttc.com/media/images/5966/1399/b22e/38be/df00/0393/original/ezgif.com-gif-maker.gif?1499861908">
The following photo set by Fernando Guerra focuses on the Galician Center of Contemporary Art, a project by Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza Vieira.  Located in the Spanish city of Santiago de Compostela, the Galician Center for Contemporary Art was developed in 1993. Its declared horizontality and respect for the surrounding buildings and the urban structure are configured in the most remarkable gestures of this project. The solid and austere volumes form the boundaries of the area to the streets, with subtractions that make it accessible. The center has several permanent and temporary exhibition rooms, auditorium, library, cafeteria and administrative rooms.
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

Granite is used blending to the surroundings, with the material "aging" along with the building, resembling the neighboring buildings, that are also built of the same material. Inside, Siza concentrated on three main materials: granite, marble, and wood, with a

© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Continue reading "Alvaro Siza’s Galician Center of Contemporary Art Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra"

Alvaro Siza’s Galician Center of Contemporary Art Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra

    <img src="http://images.adsttc.com/media/images/5966/1399/b22e/38be/df00/0393/original/ezgif.com-gif-maker.gif?1499861908">
The following photo set by Fernando Guerra focuses on the Galician Center of Contemporary Art, a project by Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza Vieira.  Located in the Spanish city of Santiago de Compostela, the Galician Center for Contemporary Art was developed in 1993. Its declared horizontality and respect for the surrounding buildings and the urban structure are configured in the most remarkable gestures of this project. The solid and austere volumes form the boundaries of the area to the streets, with subtractions that make it accessible. The center has several permanent and temporary exhibition rooms, auditorium, library, cafeteria and administrative rooms.
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

Granite is used blending to the surroundings, with the material "aging" along with the building, resembling the neighboring buildings, that are also built of the same material. Inside, Siza concentrated on three main materials: granite, marble, and wood, with a

© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Continue reading "Alvaro Siza’s Galician Center of Contemporary Art Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra"

Learn More About Permaculture by Building Your Own Herb Spiral

    <img src="http://images.adsttc.com/media/images/592b/6991/e58e/cee8/3800/0667/original/teste-1.gif?1496017287">
Australian ecologists, David Holmgren and Bill Mollison, first coined the term permaculture in 1978, encompassing holistic methods for planning, updating and maintaining environmentally sustainable, socially just and financially viable systems. For Mollison, "Permaculture is the philosophy of working with and not against nature, after a long and thoughtful observation." In this sense, herbal spirals are an excellent exercise to begin to understand some of the concepts of this culture, as it brings together various natural functions in a single element, making it more productive and healthy. 
© Iana Lua Dias da Cruz © Iana Lua Dias da Cruz

The spiral structure promotes the creation of microclimates in a small space, enabling the cultivation of species with different requirements of water, light, and nutrients. At the top, exposure to the sun is higher, causing the substrate to become drier as it drains to the lower parts. The lower, the moister the earth becomes. In addition,

Continue reading "Learn More About Permaculture by Building Your Own Herb Spiral"

Barcelona’s Meteorology Center by Álvaro Siza, Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra

    <img src="http://images.adsttc.com/media/images/591f/1aef/e58e/cef3/1700/0405/original/ezgif.com-gif-maker.gif?1495210730" />
In this photoset by Fernando Guerra, the photographer turns his lenses to a little-known project by Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza Vieira, Meteorology Center in Barcelona. 
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

Located on the Paseo Maritimo in Barcelona the center was built for the 1992 Olympic Games. It served as the headquarters for the meteorologists who forecast the weather during the outdoor Olympic events, such as the races. The center also housed the press group during the Olympics. Currently, the upper floors of the building are the headquarters for the Department of Meteorology, while the lower levels are used by the Port Authority, both with independent access.

© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

Build from concrete and bricks, the building recedes a little from the ocean on the coastal boardwalk. Its cylindrical shape stands out in the surroundings, showing eight deep radial

© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Continue reading "Barcelona’s Meteorology Center by Álvaro Siza, Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra"

Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto Through Fernando Guerra’s Lenses

    <figure>

This week we present the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto through the lenses of Fernando Guerra. Here we share a complete series from the photographer of this iconic work, along with a brief text on the subject. The University of Porto plays a major role in the world's architectural landscape, always among the highest in rankings and boasting great architects like Eduardo Souto de Moura (Pritzker 2011), Fernando Távora and Álvaro Siza Vieira (Pritzker 1992).

Built between 1985 and 1996 by the Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza, a former student of the school, the work consists of 10 different volumes, each one with its own unique personality, but which find a common identity through color, opacity and constructive solutions. 

The school's original program included classroom facilities for 500 students, an auditorium, administration, an exhibition hall and a library. The architect decided to split this program into separate buildings.

Continue reading "Faculty of Architecture of the University of Porto Through Fernando Guerra’s Lenses"

Boa Nova Tea House by Alvaro Siza Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra

    <img src="http://images.adsttc.com/media/images/58e5/5b57/e58e/ceb8/1100/049d/original/ezgif.com-gif-maker.gif?1491426131" />
The following photo set by Fernando Guerra focuses on Boa Nova Tea House, a project by Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza Vieira. Completed in 1963, it was one of the first works done by the 1992 Pritzker Prize winner. Built on the rocks that hang over the sea in Leça da Palmeira, the tea house is in close proximity to another iconic project by the same architect, the Leça Swimming Pools, both classified as National Monuments in Portugal.  The Boa Nova Tea House was the result of a competition organized by Câmara de Matosinhos in 1958. The architect Fernando Távora won the competition and then gave the project to his young collaborator, Alvaro Siza, who was just 25 years old at the time. 
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

Away from the main avenue, the building can be accessed from the parking lot, which is

© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Continue reading "Boa Nova Tea House by Alvaro Siza Through the Lens of Fernando Guerra"

Get to Know the Work of 2017 Pritzker Prize Winners RCR Arquitectes Through These Videos

The work of the Catalan firm RCR Arquitectes was, until its founders won the 2017 Pritzker Prize this month, little-known worldwide, with appreciation of their projects largely restricted to the few European locations in which they have built and a number of well-informed academic circles. Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem and Ramon Vilalta founded their office in the small town of Olot almost 30 years ago, and most of their work for the past three decades have been built in the surrounding regions of Catalonia. As the Pritzker jury has pointed out, one of their greatest qualities is their ability to show how architects can have "our roots firmly in place and our arms outstretched to the rest of the world." Through the videos presented in this article, it is possible to understand a little more about the work of the office, and more specifically, to appreciate the

Continue reading "Get to Know the Work of 2017 Pritzker Prize Winners RCR Arquitectes Through These Videos"

Jenny Sabin Studio Selected as Winner of the MoMA PS1 2017 Young Architects Program

    <figure>
Jenny Sabin Studio. Lumen. 2017 (rendering). Winner of the Young Architects Program 2017, MoMA PS1, New York. Image Courtesy of Jenny Sabin Studio Jenny Sabin Studio. Lumen. 2017 (rendering). Winner of the Young Architects Program 2017, MoMA PS1, New York. Image Courtesy of Jenny Sabin Studio

Lumen by Jenny Sabin Studio has been named the winner of The Museum of Modern Art and MoMA PS1’s annual Young Architects Program. Opening on June 27 in the MoMA PS1 courtyard, this year’s construction is an immersive design that evolves over the course of a day, providing a cooling respite from the midday sun and a responsive glowing light after sundown. Drawn from among five finalists, Jenny Sabin Studio’s Lumen will serve as a temporary urban landscape for the 20th season of Warm Up, MoMA PS1’s pioneering outdoor music series. Lumen will remain on view through the summer.

Now in its 18th edition, the Young Architects Program at The Museum of Modern Art and MoMA PS1 has offered emerging architectural talent the opportunity

Jenny Sabin Studio. Lumen. 2017 (rendering). Winner of the Young Architects Program 2017, MoMA PS1, New York. Image Courtesy of Jenny Sabin Studio
Continue reading "Jenny Sabin Studio Selected as Winner of the MoMA PS1 2017 Young Architects Program"

Jenny Sabin Studio Selected as Winner of the MoMA PS1 2017 Young Architects Program

    <figure>
Jenny Sabin Studio. Lumen. 2017 (rendering). Winner of the Young Architects Program 2017, MoMA PS1, New York. Image Courtesy of Jenny Sabin Studio Jenny Sabin Studio. Lumen. 2017 (rendering). Winner of the Young Architects Program 2017, MoMA PS1, New York. Image Courtesy of Jenny Sabin Studio

Lumen by Jenny Sabin Studio has been named the winner of The Museum of Modern Art and MoMA PS1’s annual Young Architects Program. Opening on June 27 in the MoMA PS1 courtyard, this year’s construction is an immersive design that evolves over the course of a day, providing a cooling respite from the midday sun and a responsive glowing light after sundown. Drawn from among five finalists, Jenny Sabin Studio’s Lumen will serve as a temporary urban landscape for the 20th season of Warm Up, MoMA PS1’s pioneering outdoor music series. Lumen will remain on view through the summer.

Now in its 18th edition, the Young Architects Program at The Museum of Modern Art and MoMA PS1 has offered emerging architectural talent the opportunity

Jenny Sabin Studio. Lumen. 2017 (rendering). Winner of the Young Architects Program 2017, MoMA PS1, New York. Image Courtesy of Jenny Sabin Studio
Continue reading "Jenny Sabin Studio Selected as Winner of the MoMA PS1 2017 Young Architects Program"