Brazilian Houses: 9 Examples of Residential Vernacular Architecture


This post is by Julia Brant from ArchDaily


Click here to view on the original site: Original Post




    <figure>


Wattle and daub house. Image © Pedro Levorin

Wattle and daub house. Image © Pedro Levorin

The regional expressions of a country’s culture are vital in helping us understand the relation between context and specific conditions of social manifestations. These nuances and singularities inside the realm of construction are translated into what can be called vernacular architecture. Although it has always existed, this universe of local exemplars of architecture with their particular materials, techniques and regional constructive solutions came to be well studied in the second half of the twentieth century in Brazil, in a project that traced national architecture history, headed by Lucio Costa.

It is a type of architecture that, besides being an undeniable knowledge that is passed down through generations, it is usually highly sustainable as it incorporates low energy materials and local techniques with solutions made to be passively adapted to the local climate and conditions.

Just as in most countries, vernacular architecture in

Oca Kamaiurá. Image via Wimimedia, user Photographer. License CC BY-SA 4.0
Maloca building in the Xinguano Kuikuro community. Image © CC BY-SA 4.0
Quilombo house in Kaonge, Cachoeira, Bahia. Image © Pedro Levorin
Stilt Houses in Manaus. Image © Giovana Tozzi
Shacks in Paraisópolis, São Paulo. Image © Fernando Stankuns via Visual Hunt / CC BY-NC-SA
Main house in Sítio Ressaca. Image courtesy of Shieh Arquitetos Associados
Wattle and daub house in Maranguape, Ceará, Brasil. © Image CC BY-SA 3.0
Beco Alto House, Cuiabá - MT. At the bottom right corner we can see the compacted layers of clay. Image by Paulisson Miura, via Flickr. License CC BY 2.0
Fachwerk House Erwin Rux, in Conjunto Rural de Rio da Luz, in  Jaraguá do Sul (SC). Courtesy of Iphan

Continue reading “Brazilian Houses: 9 Examples of Residential Vernacular Architecture”

Understanding and Using Architectural Scales


This post is by Julia Brant from ArchDaily


Click here to view on the original site: Original Post




What Industrialized Construction Could Learn from Ford’s Model T


This post is by Julia Brant from ArchDaily


Click here to view on the original site: Original Post




    <figure>


Disbrave Car Dealership / João Filgueiras Lima (Lelé). Image via Disbrave

Disbrave Car Dealership / João Filgueiras Lima (Lelé). Image via Disbrave

On October 1, 1908, Ford launched its first model car in the American market, the Ford T, starting the automotive industry and establishing new paths for industrialization. Inspired by the manufacturing systems of weapons and sewing machines, in 1913, Henry Ford revolutionized production with the first moving assembly line to produce the Model T; a simple, safe, reliable and cheap car. 

The price decreased over time as production became more efficient. The Model T cost $850 in its first year and, as the manufacturing process became more efficient, it decreased to $290 in 1927, the last year it was produced. Industrialization led to optimized costs, time, and logistics.

Similar to the automotive industry, the construction market moves large amounts of capital, with large investments, incentives, and the need to employ a great number of people in its productive chain. Despite this, the use of technology

Ford Model T
Sarah Kubitschek Salvador Hospital/ João Filgueiras Lima (Lelé). © Nelson Kon
Taguatinga Regional Hospital / João Filgueiras Lima (Lelé). © João Filgueiras Lima
Guaimbê Residential Building / Paulo Mendes da Rocha and João Eduardo de Gennaro. © Revista Acrópole, n. 343
Morlan Office in Sao Paulo / Eduardo de Almeida. © Cesar Shundi Iwamizu
Madalena Studio / Apiacás Arquitetos. © Leonardo Finotti
New Triangle House / Metro Arquitetos Associados. © Leonardo Finotti

Continue reading “What Industrialized Construction Could Learn from Ford’s Model T”

Three Defining Movements in Architectural Photography


This post is by Julia Brant from ArchDaily


Click here to view on the original site: Original Post




    <figure>


Bernd Becher, Hilla Becher. Framework Houses, 1959-73. © 2018 Hilla Becher. Credits: MoMA; Gift from Hilla Becher. Under "Fair Use"

Bernd Becher, Hilla Becher. Framework Houses, 1959-73. © 2018 Hilla Becher. Credits: MoMA; Gift from Hilla Becher. Under "Fair Use"

From the first experiments carried out by the French Joseph Niépce in 1793, and his most successful test in 1826, photography became an object of exploring and a resource for registering lived moments and places of the world. Within the broad spectrum of photographic production throughout history, architecture has frequently played a leading role on the records, be it from the perspective of photography as an art, document or, as it was often the case, an instrument for cultural construction.

Having great autonomy as a practice and of particular debate inside this theme, architectural photography has the ability to reaffirm a series of expressive features of the portrayed works, create tension in their relation to the surroundings, and propose specific or generic readings of buildings, among other investigative possibilities.

World

Eugène Atget. Rue de la Montagne-Sainte-Geneviève, 1898. Credits: MoMA; Abbott-Levy Collection. Gift from Shirley C. Burden. Sob termos de "Fair Use"
Berenice Abbott. Pike and Henry Streets, Manhattan, 1936. © 2018 Berenice Abbott/Commerce Graphics. Credits: MoMA. Anonymous' gift. Under "Fair Use"
Ezra Stoller. Beinecke Library, Yale University, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, New Haven, CT, 1963. © Ezra Stoller. Courtesy of Yossi Milo Gallery, New York
Julius Shulman. Case Study House #22, 1960 (Architect: Pierre Koenig) © J. Paul Getty Trust. Usada com permissão. Julius Shulman Photography Archive, Research Library at the Getty Research Institute (2004.R.10). Courtesy of Barbican Art Gallery
Michael Wesely. 7 August 2001--7 June 2004 The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001-04. © 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn. Credits: MoMA. Bought. Under "Fair Use"
Michael Wesely. 7 August 2001--7 June 2004 The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001-04. © 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn. Credits: MoMA. Bought. Under "Fair Use"
Bernd Becher, Hilla Becher. Water Towers, 1988. © 2018 Hilla Becher. Credits: MoMA; Gift from Werner and Elaine Dannheisser. Under "Fair Use"

Continue reading “Three Defining Movements in Architectural Photography”

The Characteristics of 12 Architectural Styles From Antiquity to the Present Day


This post is by Julia Brant from ArchDaily


Click here to view on the original site: Original Post




    <figure>


© ArchDaily

© ArchDaily

History has often been taught in a linear way. This way of teaching has often left out grand historical narratives, and focused primarily on the occidental world. 

However, it is also known that to understand how one phenomenon leads to another, it can help to create a broad overview of what humanity has produced over the years. In the history of architecture, it is interesting to understand the central movements and consecrated styles that emerged over time as reactions, that is, continuities or ruptures, in relation to what had been produced so far. Therefore, we present some of the most influential architectural styles and movements in history, its features, and singularities.

Classic


The Parthenon ruins, Acropolis of Athens, Greece. © Kristoffer Trolle via VisualHunt.com / CC BY

The Parthenon ruins, Acropolis of Athens, Greece. © Kristoffer Trolle via VisualHunt.com / CC BY

Classical architecture was constructed in Ancient Greece between the 7th and 4th century BC. It is best known for its large religious temples

Santiago de Compostela Cathedral. © Luis Miguel Bugallo Sánchez, via Wikimedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Reims Cathedral. © Johan Bakker, via Wikimedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Church of Gesù, Rome. © Alessio Damato, via Wikimedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Altes Museum, Berlim. © Avda, via Wikimedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Grand Central Terminal, New York. © Eric Baetscher, via Wikimedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Entrance to the subway station Porte Dauphine in Paris. © Moonik, via Wikimedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Théâtre des Champs-Élysées, Paris. © Coldcreation, via Wikimedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Bauhaus Dessau. © Thomas Lewandovski
Weissenhof-Siedlung House, Stuttgart, designed by Le Corbusier. © Andreas Praefcke, via Wikimedia. License CC BY 3.0
Portland Building, designed by Michael Graves. © Steve Morgan, via Wikimedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Parc de la Villette, designed by Bernard Tschumi. © victortsu on Visual Hunt / CC BY-NC

Continue reading “The Characteristics of 12 Architectural Styles From Antiquity to the Present Day”

Create Color Palettes from Your Smartphone Pics with These 4 Free Apps


This post is by Julia Brant from ArchDaily


Click here to view on the original site: Original Post




    <figure>


Luis Barragán House / Luis Barragán. Imagem © Flickr of LrBln

Luis Barragán House / Luis Barragán. Imagem © Flickr of LrBln

“Anyone can be a photographer nowadays, all you need is a smartphone.” Although this is a well-known cliche, that doesn’t mean it’s entirely untrue. Recently, with the advancement of smartphone technology, aided by social networks, the growth of photographic capabilities on these devices has increased at an exponential speed. 

However, there are also lesser known mobile applications that explore graphic design. Some of the most interesting apps are those that generate color palettes from images on your cell phone’s camera roll. Below are four free apps to download that explore color palettes.  


Grace Farms / SANAA. Image © Dean Kaufman

Grace Farms / SANAA. Image © Dean Kaufman

PANTONE Studio

Developed by Pantone, in this application, you can generate color palettes from images stored in your cell phone. It was thought of as an application to share material among people, groups, clients, and professionals involved

La Muralla Roja / Ricardo Bofill. Image © Gregori Civerva
Hidden Village / MVRDV. Image courtesy of MVRDV

Continue reading “Create Color Palettes from Your Smartphone Pics with These 4 Free Apps”

No One is Born Modern: The Early Works of 20th Century Architecture Icons


This post is by Julia Brant from ArchDaily


Click here to view on the original site: Original Post




    <figure>




In the ambit of architecture, much of the twentieth century is marked by a production that reads, in general, as modern. The foundations of this work have been the subject of discussion for at least six decades, bringing together conflicting opinions about the true intention behind the modern gestalt.

On the one hand, it is argued that, at its origin, the modern school dealt with a perspective of social transformation based on the proposals of architects with a participatory social aspect of the craft during post-World War I Europe. On the other hand, some opinions frame modern architecture in a stylistic key. For instance, marked by formal characteristics that guide and create a set of production that deals with the expressiveness of materials, the type of design in the projects, and, above all, the consecrated 5 points of Le Corbusier‘s modern architecture. Moreover, there are also authors who argue that

Haus Riehl, Mies van der Rohe. © Folkerts Architekten, via Wikimedia. License CC BY 3.0
Churchill Villa, Mies van der Rohe. © Heike Vogt, via Wikimedia. License CC BY 3.0
Unity Chapel, Frank Lloyd Wright. © Teemu08, via Wikipedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Villa Jeanneret-Perret, Le Corbusier. © Eveline Perroud, via Wikipedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Villa Favre Jacot, Le Corbusier. © Elleka, via Wikimedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Villa Väinölä, Alvar Aalto. Via Pinterest
Itaipava Castle, Lucio Costa and Fernando Valentim. © Marcio Sette, via Wikipedia. License CC BY-SA 3.0
Francisco Peixoto Residence, Oscar Niemeyer. © Pedro Vada

Continue reading “No One is Born Modern: The Early Works of 20th Century Architecture Icons”

20 Examples of Floor Plans for Social Housing


This post is by Julia Brant from ArchDaily


Click here to view on the original site: Original Post




    <figure>




Following up on their series of urban block flashcards, Spanish publisher a+t architecture publishers recently launched a new deck of cards featuring collective living floor plans as part of one of their series of cards about urban density, Density. As a courtesy to ArchDaily, the publishing house shared some of these expanded cards, both typical floor plans, and each unit, where you can see the designs and privacy parameters and openings to the outside of each project. 

These parameters were defined, respectively, from specific data on vertical and horizontal circulation, floor plan area, number of units per floor; and the amount of external area, facade perimeter and openings size. Next to the floor plans, you can the information frame of each card, compiling a total of 50 housing projects, built between 2000 and 2017 with the most diverse typologies.

See below, 10 typical floor plans of projects that are

Based on Circle, Louis Paillard. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Circle, Louis Paillard. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Sugar Hill, David Adjaye. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Sugar Hill, David Adjaye. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on NL*A, Sou Fujimoto + Oxo Architects. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on NL*A, Sou Fujimoto + Oxo Architects. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Future Systems, Kasper Danielsen. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Future Systems, Kasper Danielsen. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Trinitad Nova, Ruisánchez. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Trinitad Nova, Ruisánchez. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Im Grüntal, BDE Architekten. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Im Grüntal, BDE Architekten. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Cenon, Jean Nouvel. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Cenon, Jean Nouvel. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Ginko, Hessamfar & Vérons. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Ginko, Hessamfar & Vérons. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on De Prinsendam, Tony Fretton. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on De Prinsendam, Tony Fretton. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Nordeste, C.F. Møller. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers
Based on Nordeste, C.F. Møller. Image courtesy of a+t architecture publishers

Continue reading “20 Examples of Floor Plans for Social Housing”