How Cities have Rebuilt from the Ashes

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Image via PXHere Image via PXHere

Every city has a story. Throughout history, many natural and man-made changes have altered the way cities were originally laid out. For some, the urban form developed as a result of political disputes, religious separations, or class divides. For others, a more mixed approach has allowed for uniquely mixed cultural atmospheres. And while development of cities is typically slow, occasionally cities experience dramatic and immediate changes to the urban fabric - the results of natural disaster, military conflict, or industrial catastrophe.

What happens next - if anything - can reveal a great deal about not just the city itself, but the local culture. Do cities rebuild exactly as they were? Or do they use disaster as an opportunity to reinvent themselves? The following is a roundup of cities that have moved past catastrophe to be reborn from the ashes.

Berlin

Berlin Reichstag - Before. Image © Bundesarchiv, Bild 102-13744, licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons Berlin Reichstag - Before. Image © Bundesarchiv, Bild
Berlin Reichstag. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User Fae Licensed Under Public Domain
Reichstag. Image Courtesy of Matthew Field, licensed under GFDL 1.2 via Commons
Berlin Reichstag - Now. Image Courtesy of Flickr user oh-berlin, licensed under CC BY 2.0
Dresden - Before. Image via Wikimedia Commons
Dresden - Before. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User 32X Under CC BY 3.0
Dresden - Now. Image Courtesy of PIxabay
Studio Libeskind's Military Museum . Image © Alexandra Timpau
Warsaw - Before. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User Jarekt Under Public Domain
Warsaw - Before. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User Vert Under Public Domain
Warsaw - Now. Image Courtesy of Skitterphoto CC BY 0
Lisbon. Image Courtesy of PIxabay
Lisbon. Image via Wikimedia Commons
Lisbon - Now. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User Deensel Licesed Under CC BY 2.0
Hiroshima Now. Image via Wikimedia Commons
Hiroshima. Image via Wikimedia Commons
Hiroshima. Image Courtesy of Louisiana Channel
Beirut Martyr Square. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User FunkMonk Under CC BY 2.0
Beirut - Now. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User Pontifex1974 Under CC BY 3.0
The Great London Fire . Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User DcoetzeeBot Under Public Domain
London Proposed Maps. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User MartinPoulter Under CC BY 4.0
Christopher Wren Map of London. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User BotMultichillT
London Proposed Maps. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User OgreBot - Commons
Tokyo - Before. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User Nesnad Under Public Domain
Tokyo. Image Courtesy of Flickr User J Damasio
Chicago - Now. Image Courtesy of PIxabay
Chicago Fire. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User Acabashi Licensed Under Public Domain
Chicago. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User Dschwen Under CC BY 4.0
Sarajevo City Hall. Image © Mikhail Evstafiev CC BY SA 3.0
Sarajevo City Hall. Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User Чаховіч Уладзіслаў CC BY SA 3.0
New Orleans Hurricane . Image Courtesy of Flickr User  NOAA
New Orleans Hurricane . Image Courtesy of Wikimedia User Mfield Public Domain
Crescent Park Proposal. Image Courtesy of Eskew + Dumez + Ripple
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25 Design Tips to Make Your Airbnb Listing Stand Out

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Courtesy of Airbnb Courtesy of Airbnb

Home-sharing has become a phenomenon in the real estate and housing markets, with design playing a key factor in the success of a property, home, or room. The radical departure from the beige wallpaper and white linen hotel room has opened up a world of possibility for the adventurous traveler, from spending a night on the Great Wall of China to staying in an architectural masterpiece.

To help you design a successful Airbnb, we have provided 25 design tips for homeowners looking to turn their properties into profit. Remember, it's all about first impressions, and having that “curb appeal” will ultimately bring in people seeking one-of-a-kind experiences.

Courtesy of Airbnb Courtesy of Airbnb

1. As previously stated, first impressions mean everything. Front doors should have a unique design or be freshly painted. Facades should be clean and pleasant to the eye. Conceal (or remove, if possible) any utility

Courtesy of Airbnb
Courtesy of Airbnb
Courtesy of Airbnb
Courtesy of Airbnb
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Varia: A 6-Piece, Mix-and-Match Collection That Can Create Over 25 Pieces of Furniture

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Courtesy of Varia by Jamie and Laura Courtesy of Varia by Jamie and Laura A table and a bench. A coffee table and a mirror? Perhaps it’s a stool and a cutting board.   This is not a furniture identity crisis, it’s Varia, a six-piece, mix-and-match furniture collection that can create over 25 pieces of furniture, saving money, space, and time. The creators, Jamie and Laura Kickstarted their project after Jamie found herself constantly moving from one place to another, and in need of versatile material instead of having old, unnecessary furniture pieces. With just a couple of lightweight metal frames and solid hardwood accessories, the collection is ideal for compact urban living and can be transformed into different furniture pieces in no time. In brief, this is Varia, and it is pretty much anything you want it to be. Varia's Kickstarter ends on August 31, support Jamie and Laura's project here.

Photos by McKenzie Coyle Photography. Image Courtesy of Varia by Jamie and Laura Photos by McKenzie Coyle
Photos by McKenzie Coyle Photography. Image Courtesy of Varia by Jamie and Laura
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What is Deconstructivism?

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Tschumi's Parc de la Villette . Image Courtesy of The Architectural Review Tschumi's Parc de la Villette . Image Courtesy of The Architectural Review If we define “deconstructivism” (although it is not a verified word in the dictionary), it literally translates to the breaking down, or demolishing of a constructed structure, whether it being for structural reasons or just an act of rebellion. It is perhaps for this  this reason that many misunderstand the Deconstructivist movement. Deconstructivism is, in fact, not a new architecture style, nor is it an avant-garde movement against architecture or society. It does not follow “rules” or acquire specific aesthetics, nor is it a rebellion against a social dilemma. It is the unleashing of infinite possibilities of playing around with forms and volumes.  During the First World War, Russian avant-gardists, known as Russian Constructivists, broke the rules of classical architecture and composition and presented a series of drawings that defied the “geometric norms” at the time. Their
Tatlin Tower. Image Courtesy of Flickr User Andy Roberts under CC by 2.0
Courtesy of Elizabeth W Garber
Villa Savoye Le Corbusier
Peter Eisenman. Image © Chris Wiley
Tschumi's Parc de la Villette . Image Courtesy of The Architectural Review
1988 Deconstructivism Exhibition. Image via MoMA
Frank Gehry House. Image © Liao Yusheng
Louis Vuitton Foundation, Frank Gehry Architects. Image © Todd Eberle
Port offices of Antwerp, Zaha Hadid Architects. Image © Helene Binet
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ETH Zurich Fabricated the World’s First Full-Scale Architectural Project Using 3-D Sand Printing

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Complex designs often require bulky structural systems to support imaginative forms. But 3D printing technology has begun to provide unlimited architectural potential without compromising design or structural durability. Researchers at ETH Zurich, under the leadership of Benjamin Dillenburger, have now developed an innovative 3D sand printing technique that allows for quick molding and material reuse.

They have used this technique to create a formwork to fabricate an 80 square meter lightweight concrete slab at the DFAB House, the first and largest construction of its kind. The “Smart Slab,” which carries a two-story timber unit above it, merges the structural durability and strength of concrete with the design liberation of 3D printing.

© ETH Zurich / Mike Lyrenmann © ETH Zurich / Mike Lyrenmann

Step by Step Process

The design team refrained from 3D printing all building components, but rather, created a mold that would produce an intricately-designed ceiling able to maintain its load-bearing characteristics. This

Courtesy of ETH Zurich / Andrei Jipa
Courtesy of ETH Zurich / Tom Mundy
Courtesy of ETH Zurich / Andrei Jipa
Courtesy of ETH Zurich / Andrei Jipa
Courtesy of ETH Zurich / Demetris Shammas
Courtesy of ETH Zurich / Andrei Jipa
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UM Architect’s New Zhangjiang City Gate Reconnects Occupants with Nature

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Courtesy of UM Architects Courtesy of UM Architects Chinese cities have been on a stride for decades, and are expected to become the world’s leading economy within the next few years. With all the ongoing architectural developments, nature remained key in most architects’ design developments, honoring the Chinese landscape and integrating it within their projects. The Zhangjiang New District is one of China’s new ongoing developments, housing numerous structures and architectural installations. Architecture firm UM has been selected to design the “City Gate,” a new iconic landmark in the New District, which will act as a transition between the extensive urbanism of Gan Zhou and its surrounding nature. One of the main purposes of the project was to create an environment that caters to both the residential and commercial needs of the region, making the best of the project’s prominent location.  The project, which was inspired by Ximeng Wang’s “Thousand Miles of
Courtesy of UM Architects
Courtesy of UM Architects
Site Plan
Courtesy of UM Architects
Full Scheme
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Iotti + Pavarani Architetti Design ‘New Pisa Stadium’ Just Meters Away from the Leaning Tower

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Courtesy of IOTTI + PAVARANI ARCHITETTI Courtesy of IOTTI + PAVARANI ARCHITETTI Iotti + Pavarani Architetti have designed a 'New Pisa Stadium' for A.C. Pisa on an existing stadium just 200 meters away from Piazza dei Miracoli (home to the Leaning Tower of Pisa). After winning the first prize in a restricted competition in 2017, the project is currently under feasibility study, awaiting construction development.  
Courtesy of IOTTI + PAVARANI ARCHITETTI Courtesy of IOTTI + PAVARANI ARCHITETTI

The architects insisted on maintaining the site’s historic significance, and chose to design a harmonious structure, “establishing a dialogue with the past while also looking towards the future.” In addition to its main function, the stadium will house several multi-functional public spaces, creating a new engaging square for the city of Pisa.

Courtesy of IOTTI + PAVARANI ARCHITETTI Courtesy of IOTTI + PAVARANI ARCHITETTI
Courtesy of IOTTI + PAVARANI ARCHITETTI Courtesy of IOTTI + PAVARANI ARCHITETTI

A large ring-like green space will circulate around the stadium creating a free-flow for visiting pedestrians. This space will

Courtesy of IOTTI + PAVARANI ARCHITETTI
Courtesy of IOTTI + PAVARANI ARCHITETTI
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Brutalism & Skateboarding: J. Byron-H’s Unique Furniture Inspired by An Odd Pairing

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© Samuel McGuire © Samuel McGuire Architects and designers are turning into their very own version of Midas, everything they touch turns into concrete. With products like concrete coffee machines, concrete garden gnomes, and even concrete jewelry, designers are finding remarkable ways of experimenting with the material, proving that concrete is a lot more than just a bulky, building component. Los Angeles based architect-designer J.Byron-H, known for his playfulness with material and unexpected forms, have experimented with concrete and glass-fiber and created contemporary, light-weight pieces of furniture, inspired by skateboards and architectural brutalism.
© Samuel McGuire © Samuel McGuire
© Samuel McGuire © Samuel McGuire
© Samuel McGuire © Samuel McGuire

The Concrete Stools series are available in three different dimensions: the low stool, the high stool, and the bench. The stools are made of cast and warped glass-fiber reinforced concrete (GFRC), and are available in a range of colorful pastel shades (grape, tangerine, lemon,

© Samuel McGuire
© Samuel McGuire
© Samuel McGuire
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AMKNA’s Ode to Africa Shortlisted for the 2018 World Architecture Festival Award

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Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio AMKNA, the Dubai-based studio, has been shortlisted for the 2018 World Architecture Festival, in recognition of their design proposal of a cultural center in Sedhiou, Senegal. The proposed “Sedhiou Cultural Center” will provide citizens with a rich cultural, social, and educational experience, all while sustaining the surrounding environment and keeping African heritage alive.
Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio

The power of a cultural building lies in its ability to morph history, music, food, dance, color, and material into a well-designed, functional space. Senegal’s Sedhiou is one of Africa’s underdeveloped towns but is rich in cultural vibrancy. Regardless of its lively heritage, the town lacks a place of artistic expression and is constantly affected by the economy’s globalization. The proposal’s design seeks to become an icon for the entire country, ensuring sustainability and the use of local materials. The structure will include areas

Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio
Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio
Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio
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AMKNA’s Ode to Africa Shortlisted for the 2018 World Architecture Festival Award

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Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio AMKNA, the Dubai-based studio, has been shortlisted for the 2018 World Architecture Festival, in recognition of their design proposal of a cultural center in Sedhiou, Senegal. The proposed “Sedhiou Cultural Center” will provide citizens with a rich cultural, social, and educational experience, all while sustaining the surrounding environment and keeping African heritage alive.
Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio

The power of a cultural building lies in its ability to morph history, music, food, dance, color, and material into a well-designed, functional space. Senegal’s Sedhiou is one of Africa’s underdeveloped towns but is rich in cultural vibrancy. Regardless of its lively heritage, the town lacks a place of artistic expression and is constantly affected by the economy’s globalization. The proposal’s design seeks to become an icon for the entire country, ensuring sustainability and the use of local materials. The structure will include areas

Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio
Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio
Courtesy of AMKNA Design Studio
Continue reading "AMKNA’s Ode to Africa Shortlisted for the 2018 World Architecture Festival Award"

How Long Does it Take to Become an Architect?

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Courtesy of Andrea Vasquez Courtesy of Andrea Vasquez

Before deciding on a career in architecture, plenty of questions can cross one’s mind: Which school should I choose? Should I study abroad or choose a local school? Would enrolling in top international universities cost me a fortune? How long will it take for me to finally be able to build my own structure? At the end of the day, the making of an architect is pretty simple: half a decade of architecture studies, and then some.

Whether you are considering studying abroad or staying home, you'll need to know how long it takes to become an architect in your country of choice. Take a look at how long it usually takes to earn that degree in different countries from all over the world, and what you'll need to do (aside from attending school) before becoming a certified architect.

The journey of earning an architectural license

via Tableau / Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture
Courtesy of Andrea Vasquez
Courtesy of Andrea Vasquez
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Award-Winning Sketching App ‘Concepts’ Releases New Update Including Customized Brushes

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Courtesy of David Clynk Courtesy of David Clynk Being a 21st-century designer is not always a walk in the park, but it certainly has its perks. Fortunately, innovative product and software designers have created numerous programs that transform our ideas and visions into visual and tangible reality. Concepts, the “next-generation design platform” is an iOS application, suitable for all design and engineering fields. Accommodating almost 80% of all design tasks, product designers, fashion designers, game designers, and industrial engineers can benefit from what the application has to offer. The TopHatch creation - which is trusted by leading designers at Disney, Apple, Nike, PlayStation, Unity, and several other leading corporations - was initiated as a simple prototype, and gradually built on feedback and innovative updates. Following our Top Apps for Architects article, the award-winning vector-based app, is launching a brand new update, with exclusive features that enable a limitless, customized, and more
Courtesy of Concepts
Courtesy of Concepts
Courtesy of Concepts
Courtesy of Osama Elfar
Courtesy of Concepts
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51N4E wins 2018 European Prize for Urban Public Space

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Courtesy of 51N4E Courtesy of 51N4E Brussels-based architecture firm 51N4E have won first prize for their Skanderbeg Square project in Tirana, Albania. The European Prize for Urban Public Space is a biennale competition that promotes creating, restoring, and improving public spaces within European cities, and have chosen this year’s winners for their impressive transformation of the city’s central square. 51N4E’s restructuring and renovation of the Skanderbeg Square is a result of winning an international architecture competition back in 2008. After the project was paused in 2010 for administrative changes, and resumed in 2015, the end result is a series of urban interventions, “inviting public and semi-public neighboring functions to spread into the exterior space”.
Courtesy of 51N4E Courtesy of 51N4E

The project is a large, 170 x 170 meter “traffic-free zone” pedestrian area, built in a flat pyramid-shape. For the structure’s material, the architects used various stones obtained from different parts of Albania, keeping the

Courtesy of 51N4E
Courtesy of 51N4E
Courtesy of 51N4E
Cuypers Passage, Amsterdam / Benthem Crouwel Architects. Image Courtesy of 611
Cuypers Passage, Amsterdam / Benthem Crouwel Architects. Image Courtesy of 611
Poblenou Superblock, Barcelona / Ecology, Urbanism, and Mobility Department, Barcelona City Council. Image Courtesy of Ajuntament de Barcelona
Poblenou Superblock, Barcelona / Ecology, Urbanism, and Mobility Department, Barcelona City Council. Image Courtesy of Ajuntament de Barcelona
Stage Dnipro, Ukraine / STAGE CLIEHA community. Image Courtesy of Katerina Kovacheva
Stage Dnipro, Ukraine / STAGE CLIEHA community. Image Courtesy of Alexander Burlaka
Zollverein Park, Essen, Germany / Planergruppe GmbH Oberhausen. Image Courtesy of Claudia Drey
Zollverein Park, Essen, Germany / Planergruppe GmbH Oberhausen. Image Courtesy of Claudia Drey
PC Caritas, Melle, Belgium / architecten de vylder vinck taillieu and BAVO. Image Courtesy of Filip Dujardin
PC Caritas, Melle, Belgium / architecten de vylder vinck taillieu and BAVO. Image Courtesy of Filip Dujardin
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IMPLMNT Highlights “Connection and Transformation” in Award-Winning Proposal for New Lithuanian Cultural Center

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Courtesy of IMPLMNT Courtesy of IMPLMNT Lithuanian city Panevezys will have a new cultural hub thanks to the winning design of architecture firm, IMPLMNT. The proposed design of the Stasys Eidrigevicius Arts Centre, which will be built in the northern part of the city center, won the competition due to its function, location, architecture, and the social/economic value it will be adding to the city. The center will take the place of an existing movie theater, a historic landmark in the Lithuanian city. After performing structural analysis on the existing theater, a study of the conditions indicated that it can no longer be preserved or saved. Keeping in mind the importance of the movie theater to the city, the architects at IMPLMNT decided to draw inspiration from the existing building, as well as use its proportions to create the newly-designed structure.
Courtesy of IMPLMNT Courtesy of IMPLMNT

The location and plot of the newly designed cultural

Courtesy of IMPLMNT
Elevation / Section
Plan
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Vega Archipelago to be Home to Norway’s First UNESCO World Heritage Visitor Center

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Courtesy of Ekberg Lous Architects / Visualizations by AZR Studio Courtesy of Ekberg Lous Architects / Visualizations by AZR Studio Oslo-based architecture firm Ekberg Lous Arkitekter have begun constructing Norway’s first World Heritage Visitor Center, after having won the open international architectural competition in 2008. Following the competition, the project was halted for seven years due to a lack of funding, but has been given the green light in 2015 with revised plans and a new site. The center, which will be built on the tip of the northern shore of Vega Island, is expected to be a gathering point for both locals and foreigners. It will provide visitors with knowledge about the natural and cultural values of the Vega Archipelago and world heritage sites in general. The center is set to be open in spring 2019.
Courtesy of Ekberg Lous Architects / Visualizations by AZR Studio Courtesy of Ekberg Lous Architects / Visualizations by AZR Studio

The architecture is specifically designed to enhance one’s relationship with nature.

Courtesy of Ekberg Lous Architects / Visualizations by AZR Studio
Site Plan
Courtesy of Ekberg Lous Architects / Visualizations by AZR Studio
Facade Elevation
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‘The Hyperloop Suburb’: Louise Braverman on the Future of Suburban Living

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How do we want to live? Should we lean towards a turbulent metropolitan life with an all-inclusive advantage, or should we favor the composed suburban life with sufficient services? What if architects and urbanists were able to implement some of these all-inclusive services into disregarded areas of the suburbs? In the latest installment of PLANE—SITE’s short video series of the Time-Space-Existence exhibition, Louise Braverman Architect, a New York-based firm, explores the utopic and dynamic vision of the future of suburbs, and how Hyperloop technology could breathe a new life into these often overlooked places.
© Doc Searls © Doc Searls

Suburbs are often thought of as family-oriented, characterless places. Ironically, the majority of citizens choose to live and raise families in the suburbs instead of the city, regardless of how advanced urban areas are. Architect Louise Braverman believes that implementing the Hyperloop technology into suburbs will develop “aesthetically delightful, digitally driven,

Louise Braverman. Image Courtesy of PLANE—SITE
The Hyperloop Suburb Exhibition. Image Courtesy of PLANE—SITE
Virgin Hyperloop One. Image Courtesy of Virgin Hyperloop One
Virgin Hyperloop One. Image Courtesy of Virgin Hyperloop One
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