Parametric Design Helped Make this Street Library Out of 240 Pieces of Wood

© Emanuil Albert © Emanuil Albert Downtown Studio's latest design for a street library in Bulgaria, that utilizes the tools of parametric design to create a wooden structure that is light and transportable. The project, a natural undulating form that develops in a semicircle, is constructed by a series of wooden modules that provide a public space with shelves to store and share books. From the architects. “Rapana” is the first street library in Varna, Bulgaria created by a team of young architects and designers.

© Emanuil Albert © Emanuil Albert

Nowadays young people’s lives are almost entirely based on digital consumption and this decreases the popularity of books among this generation. A team of architects and designers (Yuzdzhan Turgaev, Boyan Simeonov, Ibrim Asanov and Mariya Aleksieva) decided to do what they can to partly solve this issue by building a street library.

© Emanuil Albert © Emanuil Albert

Varna is a city located by the

© Emanuil Albert
© Emanuil Albert
and is often called “The marine capital of Bulgaria." This is the main reason why the chosen concept shape of the library resembles the shell of a sea snail. 

© Emanuil Albert © Emanuil Albert

The design was inspired by nature and its organic shapes. The installation takes into
consideration the most important aspects of the city’s identity – the sea and its value to Varna’s citizens. The abstract construction unravels from a single focal point and develops into a semi-circle whilst creating a public space and shelves for placing books at the same time. 

© Emanuil Albert © Emanuil Albert

“Rapana” was designed using the parametric design tools Rhinoceros 3D and Grasshopper, which give architects the possibility to try different shapes and variations. Using the software, the team tested over 20 variations, changing the number of vertical and horizontal wooden pieces and their width and height. We ended up with the final design, fitting the budget and the open library’s concept, providing easy access for the readers, sitting spaces, plus a tiny stage for street artists and lounge sessions.

Using the Rhinoceros 3D tools the construction was divided into pieces, which were produced using a CNC machine from a 250 x 125 cm. wooden sheets. The street library was built using 240 wooden pieces and the full capacity of the library is 1500 books. 

Architects: Downtown studio
Architect In Charge: Yuzdzhan Turgaev
Location: Varna, Bulgaria
Year: 2017
Images: Emanuil Albert              

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